A neurologist is a medical doctor who specialises in treatment of the nervous system. The nervous system is comprised of two major components: the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. The central nervous system concerns the brain and spinal cord. The peripheral nervous system is made up of all other neural elements, such as eyes, ears, skin, and other sensory receptors.
Neurologists do not perform surgery. If a patient under the care and management of a neurologist requires surgery, they will be referred to a neurosurgeon. Neurologists treat and manage neurological condition and problems, including: muscle weakness, dizziness and problems with coordination. Additionally, neurologists address issues with senses such as vision, touch or smell.
If you have been experiencing any one of the following symptoms, you may require a consultation with a neurologist: Headaches, chronic pain, dizziness, numbness or tingling, weakness, movement problems, seizures, vision problems, issues with memory or confusion, sleep problems. Many of these symptoms are common, but if the problems are long-lasting or reoccurring, your primary care doctor may refer you to a neurologist.